The high presence of lead in the blood of children in the world is dangerous in at least one in three cases, which is equivalent to about 800 minors worldwide, according to the alert. Unicef (United Nations Children's Fund) in a study.
"With few early symptoms, lead silently wreaks havoc on the health and development of children, with possible fatal consequences. Knowing how widespread lead contamination is, and understanding the destruction it causes to individual lives and communities, should inspire urgent action to protect children once and for all, "said Henrietta Fore, executive director of UNICEF.
According to this research, published by the United Nations, "almost half of children with dangerous levels of lead in their blood live in southern Asia"
Among the affectations caused by this toxin are: brain damage, cognitive and physical deterioration, mental and behavioral health problems, kidney problems and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.
Informal recycling and poor quality lead-acid batteries are the main causes of poisoning, the publication noted. In addition, contaminated water, lead from mining, lead-based paint, lead solder in food cans, and lead in toys and other items.
The good news is that lead can be safely recycled without exposing workers, their children and the surrounding neighborhoods. Also, lead-contaminated sites can be remedied and restored, "said Richard Fuller, president of Pure Earth, who was also involved in the research.
Among the suggestions made to end this problem are:
- Educate children and adults about the dangers of lead
- Conduct blood lead level tests to monitor the most vulnerable population
- Prevent children from being exposed to lead with products like toys, ceramics, paints, or spices
- Strengthen health systems to detect, control, and treat children's lead exposure
- Educational campaigns to the population and in schools about the risks
- Legislate environmental and sanitary regulations to regulate the recycling of articles with lead acid